Manuscripts and Publications

Read the latest publications and book chapters from Associate Professor Charles Pilgrim. Should you wish to discuss these further please contact us.


  • Ljuhar D, Jayasekera H, Kim Y, Evans P, Pilgrim CHC, Alcohol-related acute pancreatitis: lessons learnt during the COVID-19 lockdown in Victoria. ANZ J Surg, 2021, DOI: 10.1111/ans.16938
    Covid-19 has had many unexpected and unforeseen effects on health. Find out more about the pancreas here and the liver here. Also, don’t ignore the common things like your hernia or gallstones just because of concern about Covid.
  • Roberts AT, Jaya J, Ha P, Thakur U, Aldridge O, Pilgrim CHC…, Croagh D. Metal stents are safe and cost-effective for preoperative biliary drainage in resectable pancreaticobiliary tumours. ANZ J Surg, 2021, DOI: 10.1111/ans.17060
    Learn more about pancreas cancer diagnosis and treatment here
  • Oo June, Smith M, Ban Ee Jun…, Pilgrim CHC, Management of bile leak following blunt liver injury: a proposed guideline. ANZ J Surg, 2021, DOI:10.1111/ans.16552
  • Aldridge O, Leang YJ, Soon D, Smith M, Fitzgerald M, Pilgrim CHC, Surgical management of pancreatic trauma in Australia. ANZ J Surg, 2020, DOI: 10.1111/ans.16498
  • Maharaj AD, Samoborec S, Evans SM, Zalcberg J… Pilgrim CHC, Ioannou L Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) in pancreatic cancer: A systematic review. HPB 2020 Feb 22 (2) 187-203
  • Maharaj AD, Evans Sm, Zalberg J…Pilgrim CHC, Green SE. Barriers and enablers to the implementation of multidisciplinary team meetings: a qualitative study using the theoretical domains framework. BMJ Qual Saf 2020 Nov 27, doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2020-011793.
  • Maharaj AD, Evans Sm, Zalberg J…Pilgrim CHC, Green SE. Barriers and enablers to the implementation of protocol based imaging in pancreatic cancer: A qualitative study using the theoretical domains framework. PLoS One 2020 Dec 17; 15(12) doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0243312
  • Ma J, Jayasekera H, Pilgrim CHC, Three pathologies in one: band adhesion strangulating neuroendocrine tumour containing Meckels Diverticulum. ANZ J Surg, 2020. DOI:10.1111/ans.16316
  • Pilgrim CHC, te Marvelde Luc, Stuart Ella, … Christophi C, Population based analysis of treatment patterns and outcomes for pancreas cancer in Victoria. ANZ J Surg, 2020. DOI:10.1111/ans.15721
  • Maharaj AD, Holland JF, Scarborough RO…Pilgrim CHC, Zalcberg JR, The upper gastrointestinal cancer registry (UGICR): a clinical quality registry to monitor and improve care in upper gastrointestinal cancers. BMJ Open, 9 (9), E031434. Sep 2019
  • Pilgrim CHC, An overview of the key elements required for haemostasis following military trauma from the point of injury to definitive care. J Mil Vet Health, April 2019.
  • Soon D, Leang Y, Pilgrim CHC, Operative versus non-operative management of blunt pancreatic trauma: a systematic review. Trauma 21 (4), p252-258 Oct 2019
  • Maharaj AD, Ioannou L, Croagh D, Zalcberg J, Neale RE, Goldstein D, Merrett N, Kench JG, White K, Pilgrim CHC, et al. Monitoring quality of care of patients with pancreatic cancer: a modified Delphi consensus. HPB, 2018. DOI 10.1016/j.hpb.201808.016
  • Woo S, Walklin R, Ackermann T, Lo S, Shilton H, Pilgrim CHC, Evans P, Burnes J, Croagh D. Comparison of endoscopic and percutaneous drainage of symptomatic necrotic collections in acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Asian J Endosc Surg, 2018. DOI  10.1111/ases.12490.
  • Lee CHA, Shingler G, Mowbray NG…, Pilgrim CHC. Surgical outcomes for duodenal adenoma and adenocarcinoma: a multicentre study in Australia and the UK. ANZ J Surg, 2018, 88 (3), E1757.
  • Zhao J, van Mierlo K, Gomez-Ramirez J, Kim H, Pilgrim CHC, et. al., Systematic review of the influence of chemotherapy-associated liver injury on outcome after partial hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases. Brit J Surg, 2017, 104 (8) 990-1002. DOI: 10.1002/bjs.10572
  • Narasimhan V, Spychal B, Pilgrim CHC, Blood transfusions for emergency laparotomies in general surgery. J Acute Care Surg, 2017, 7 (1), 15-22.
  • Shilton H, Breen D, Gupta S, Evans P, Pilgrim CHC, Multiple interventions with prolonged length of stay are required for treatment of necrotizing pancreatitis. ANZ J Surg, 2017 Jan 26. doi: 10.1111/ans.13883
  • Soon DSC, Chae MP, Pilgrim CHC, Rozen WM, Spychal RT, Hunter-Smith DJ, 3D haptic modelling for preoperative planning of hepatic resection: A systemic review. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 2016, 10, 1-7.
  • Christians KK, Pilgrim CHC, Tsai S, Ritch P, George B, Erickson B, Tolat P, Evans DB, Arterial resection at the time of pancreatectomy for cancer. Surgery, 2014, 155 (5), 919-26.
  • Pilgrim CHC, Tsai S, Tolat P, Patel P, Rilling W, Evans DB, Christians KK, Optimal management of the splenic vein at the time of venous resection for pancreatic cancer: importance of the inferior mesenteric vein. J Gastrointest Surg, 2014, 18 (5), 917-21. doi: 10.1007/s11605-013-2428-6
  • Groeschl RT, Pilgrim CHC, Hanna EM, Simo KA, Swan RZ, Sindram D, Martinie JB, Iannitti DA, Bloomston M, Schmidt C, Khabiri H, Shirley LA, Martin RCG, Tsai S, Turaga KK, Christians KK, Rilling WS, Gamblin TC, Microwave Ablation for Hepatic Malignancies: A Multi-institutional Analysis. Ann Surg, 2013, Jun 259(6): 1195-200. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000000234
  • Pilgrim CHC, Tsai S, Evans DB, Christians KK, Mesocaval shunting – a novel technique to facilitate venous resection and reconstruction and enhance exposure of the superior mesenteric and celiac arteries during pancreaticoduodenectomy. J Am Coll Surg, 2013, 217 (3), e17-20.
  • Pilgrim CHC, Groeschl R, Turaga, K, Gamblin TC, Key factors influencing prognosis in relation to gallbladder cancer. Dig Dis Sci, 2013, 58 (9), 2455-62. doi:10.1007/s10620-01302713-y
  • Pilgrim CHC, Groeschl R, Christians KK, Gamblin TC, Modern perspectives on factors predisposing to the development of gallbladder cancer. HPB, 2013, 15 (11), 839-44. doi: 10.1111/hpb.12046
  • Pilgrim CHC, Groeschl R, Quebbeman E, Gamblin TC, Recent advances in systemic therapies and radiotherapy for gallbladder cancer. Surg Onc, 2013, 22, 61-7.
  • Pilgrim CHC, Groeschl R, Pappas S, Gamblin TC, An often overlooked diagnosis: imaging features of gallbladder cancer. J Am Coll Surg, 2013, 216 (2), 333-9, selected for JACS CME program.
  • Pilgrim CHC, Mahmoud AF, Christians KK, Pappas SG, Turaga KK, Quebbeman E, Gamblin TC, George B, Erickson B, Kelly T, Ritch P, Evans DB, Tsai S, Minimal differences in biomarker profiling of resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma between patients receiving neoadjuvant therapy and those treated with surgery first. Ann Surg Oncol, 2013, 20, S131
  • Pilgrim CHC, Satgunaseelan L, Pham A, Murray W, Link E, Smith M, Usatoff V, Evans PM, Banting S, Thomson BN, Phillips WA, Michael M, Correlations between histopathological diagnosis of chemotherapy-induced hepatic injury, clinical features and perioperative morbidity. HPB, 2012, 14 (5), 333-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1477-2574.2012.00454.x
  • Pilgrim CHC, Thomson BN, Banting S, Phillips WA, Michael M, The developing clinical problem of chemotherapy induced hepatic injury. ANZ J Surg, 2012, 82 (2), 23-29. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2011.05789.x
  • Pilgrim CHC, Brettingham-Moore K, Pham A, Murray W, Link E, Smith M, Usatoff V, Evans PM, Banting S, Thomson BN, Michael M, Phillips WA, mRNA gene expression correlates with histologically diagnosed chemotherapy induced hepatic injury. HPB, 2011, 13 (11), 811-16. DOI:10.1111/j.1477-2574.2011.00365.x
  • Pilgrim CHC, Bailey M, McIntyre R. Prospective audit of parastomal hernia. Dis Colon Rectum, 2010, 53 (1), 71-6.
  • Pilgrim, CHC, Satgunaseelan L, Ward S, Evans PM, Gallbladder carcinoma as a long term complication of cholecystojejunostomy. J Gastrointest Surg, 2009, 13 (12), 2330 – 32. D.O.I. 10.1007/s11605-009-0879-6
  • Pilgrim CHC, Usatoff V, Evans PM, A review of the surgical strategies for the management of gallbladder carcinoma based on T stage and growth type of the tumour. Euro J Surg Oncol, September 2009, 35 (9), 903-907. D.O.I. 10.1016/j.ejso.2009.02.005
  • Pilgrim CHC, Usatoff V, Evans PM, Consideration of anatomical structures relevant to the surgical strategy for managing gallbladder carcinoma. Euro J Surg Oncol, October 2009, 35 (10), 1131-1136. D.O.I. 10.1016/j.ejso.2009.02.006
  • Pilgrim CHC, To H, Usatoff V, Evans PM, Laparoscopic hepatectomy is a safe procedure for cancer patients. HPB, 2009, 11 (3), 247 – 51.
  • Pilgrim CHC, Nottle P, Laparoscopic repair of iatrogenic colonic perforation. Surg laparosc, endosc percutan tech, June 2007. 17 (3), 215-7.
  • Pilgrim, CHC, Usatoff V, Role of laparoscopy in blunt liver trauma. ANZ J Surg, May 2006. 76 (5), 403 – 6.
  • Pappas S, Pilgrim CHC, Keim R, Harris R, Wilson S, Turaga K, Tsai S, Dua K, Khan A, Oh Y, Gamblin TC, Christians KK, A new indication? The Frey procedure for chronic pancreatitis secondary to pancreas divisum. JAMA Surgery (formally Arch Surg), 2013, Sep 4. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2013.3728
  • Chandra R, Pilgrim CHC, Usatoff V, Staged liver resection for colorectal metastases: a valuable strategy or a waste of time. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int, Dec 2010, 9 (6), 600 – 4
  • Groeschl RT, Pilgrim CHC, Hanna EM, Simo KA, Swan RZ, Sindram D, Martinie JB, Iannitti DA, Bloomston M, Schmidt C, Khabiri H, Shirley LA, Martin RC, Christians KK, Rilling WS, Gamblin TC, Microwave ablation for hepatic malignancies: A multi-institutional analysis. Ann Surg Oncol, 2013, 20, S18
  • Heggie KM, Pilgrim CHC, Brown W, Choi J, Smith A, Nottle P, Long term follow up of laparoscopic Heller myotomy for achalasia. ANZ J Surg, 2009, 79 (S1) A40
  • Kevric J, Aguirre V, Martin K, Varma D, Fitzgerald M, Pilgrim CHC, Peritoneal breach as an indication for exploratory laparotomy in penetrating abdominal stab injury: operative findings in haemodynamically stable patients. Emerg Med Internat, 2015, doi: 10.1155/2015/407173
  • Kevric J, O’Reilly G, Gocentas R, Hasip O, Pilgrim CHC, Mitra B, Management of haemodynamically stable patients with penetrating abdominal stab injuries. Euro J Trauma & Emerg Surg, 2015 in press
  • Groeschl RT, Hong J, Christians KK, Turaga K, Tsai S, Pilgrim CHC, Gamblin TC, Viral Status at the Time of Liver Transplantation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Predictor of Long-Term Survival in the Modern Era. HPB, 2013 Oct 15(10): 94-802. doi. 10.1111/hpb.12134
  • Christians KK, Pappas S, Pilgrim CHC, Tsai S, Evans DB, Quebbeman E, Duplicate pancreas meets gastric duplication cyst: a tale of two anomalies. Int J Surg Case Reports, 2013, 4(8): 735-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2013.05.005
  • Sullivan KM, Groeschl RT, Turaga KK, Tsai S, Christians KK, White SB, Rilling WS, Pilgrim CHC, Gamblin TC, Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio as a predictor of outcomes for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: A Western perspective. J Surg Oncol, 2013, Oct 4,
  • Freeman L, Brown WA, Korin A, Pilgrim CHC, Smith A, Nottle P, An approach to the assessment and management of the laparoscopic adjustable gastric band patient in the Emergency Department. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 10.1111/j.1742-6723.2011.01396.x

Book chapters

  • Pilgrim, C.H.C, Evans, D.B., Christians, K.K., Technical aspects of pancreatic surgery. In Handbook of hepato-pancreatico-biliary surgery. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2014.